Signs for Marburg, a extremely infectious illness much like Ebola, embrace diarrhoea, fever, nausea and vomiting.
The World Well being Group (WHO) says that two folks in Ghana who later died had examined constructive for the Marburg virus, which causes a extremely infectious illness much like Ebola
Exams performed in Ghana got here again constructive, however these outcomes have to be corroborated by a laboratory in Senegal for the instances to be thought-about confirmed, the WHO stated in an announcement on Thursday.
The 2 sufferers within the southern Ashanti area each had signs together with diarrhoea, fever, nausea and vomiting, earlier than dying in hospital, the assertion stated.
If the instances are confirmed, this is able to be solely the second outbreak of Marburg in West Africa. The primary ever case of the virus was detected final yr in Guinea, with no additional instances recognized.
“Preparations for a potential outbreak response are being arrange swiftly as additional investigations are underway,” the WHO stated.
There have been a dozen main Marburg outbreaks since 1967, principally in southern and japanese Africa.
The Marburg virus is normally related to publicity to caves or mines housing colonies of Rousettus bats. As soon as caught by a human, the virus is unfold by way of contact with bodily fluids of contaminated folks, or with contaminated surfaces and supplies, in keeping with the WHO.
The illness begins immediately, with a excessive fever, extreme headache and discomfort.
Loss of life charges have diversified from 24 % to 88 % in previous outbreaks relying on the virus pressure and case administration, in keeping with the WHO.
Though there aren’t any accepted vaccines or antiviral remedies, oral or intravenous rehydration and therapy of particular signs enhance survival charges, it stated.