Whereas talking on the twenty fifth St Petersburg Worldwide Financial Discussion board, Kazakhstan’s President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev spoke out in opposition to the Russian Federation’s invasion of Ukraine and the Kremlin’s assist for pro-Moscow separatist actions in a number of former Soviet republics.
Kazakhstan, which has adopted a multi-vector overseas coverage underneath Tokayev, has tried to take care of a fragile steadiness between the West and Russia. Tokayev stated his authorities wouldn’t, underneath any circumstances, acknowledge Donetsk and Luhansk, the 2 jap areas of Ukraine which might be principally underneath the management of Russia’s occupying armed forces, as impartial republics.
“Fashionable worldwide legislation is the UN Constitution. However, two rules of the UN got here into contradiction – the territorial integrity of the state and the appropriate of a nation to self-determination. Since these rules contradict one another, there are totally different interpretations of them. If the appropriate of countries to self-determination had been truly carried out throughout the globe, then as a substitute of the 193 states that now make up the UN, there can be greater than 500 or 600 states on Earth. Naturally, it might be chaos. … In all chance, this precept shall be utilized to quasi-states, which, in our opinion, embrace Luhansk and Donetsk.” stated Tokayev.
He later defined that Kazakhstan couldn’t put itself right into a state of affairs whereby it might formally acknowledge related breakaway areas, together with Taiwan and Kosovo, in addition to Georgia’s areas of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, each of which have been occupied by Russia because the early Nineties.
Russian President Vladimir Putin reportedly requested Kazakhstan to affix the Russian occupation forces in Ukraine, however Kazakhstan flatly refused. Previous to the beginning of the invasion, the Kazakh authorities refused to acknowledge Donetsk and Luhansk, recognized collectively because the Donbass, as impartial states and dominated out the opportunity of deploying peacekeeping forces, regardless of Russia’s stern demand that Kazakhstan, a former Soviet republic, comply with Moscow’s orders.
Six days after Russia’s full-scale warfare in opposition to Ukraine started on February 24, Tokayev provided to mediate peace talks. For the reason that begin of the warfare, Tokayev has held conversations with Putin and has urged him to discover a peaceable compromise with Ukraine.
Whereas sharing the St. Petersburg stage with Putin on the plenary session on June 17, Tokayev slammed a variety of Russian lawmakers, noting that they made “completely incorrect statements about Kazakhstan, inaccurate statements from, so to talk, journalists and even artists”. “I’m grateful to Vladimir Putin, who as we speak has comprehensively set out the place of the highest management (in) the Kremlin in relation to Kazakhstan, and different international locations, however particularly to my nation.”
Tokayev’s feedback had been directed at a number of outstanding members of the Russian Duma and a number of the Kremlin’s most-favored journalists. Echoing Putin’s irredentist statements about Ukraine’s internationally-recognized independence, Russian pundits have repeatedly and brazenly questioned the validity of Kazakhstan’s personal nationhood, together with making baseless neo-imperialist territorial claims in opposition to the nation and spreading false rumors that the federal government of Kazakhstan discriminates in opposition to Russian audio system; the identical cliched accusation that Russia’s state-run propaganda levies in opposition to any former ex-Soviet state that formulates a coverage that differs from Moscow’s.
Kazakhstan is roughly the identical dimension as Europe and is residence to shut to 19 million folks from dozens of various nationalities, practically 30% of which aren’t ethnic Kazakhs. Every group and confession enjoys equal rights and Russian is constitutionally a co-official language alongside Kazakh, with the previous serving because the lingua franca for a lot of the nation’s inhabitants.
In a latest tirade by Kremlin-backed journalist Tigran Keosayan, Kazakhstan was accused of being ungrateful to Russia after it cancelled a Could 9 Victory Day parade. Keosayan hinted that the federal government ought to “look fastidiously at what is going on in Ukraine”, which was interpreted as a thinly veiled menace in opposition to the Kazakh state. Keosayan, who’s the husband of Margarita Simonyan, the sanctioned pro-Kremlin firebrand and chief editor of RT (previously Russia At this time), prompt that Kazakhstan was ungrateful to Russia after Moscow despatched troops to the Kazakh capital Nur-Sultan as a part of a Collective Safety Treaty Group (CTSO) contingent underneath efforts to quell violent riots in January.
“In Russia, some folks (have) distorted this entire state of affairs, asserting that Russia supposedly ‘saved’ Kazakhstan, and we should always now eternally ‘serve and bow all the way down to the ft’ of Russia,” Tokayev commented to Russian information outlet Rossiya 24. “I consider that these are completely unjustified arguments which might be removed from actuality … Certainly, we shouldn’t have any points that may be agitated in a method or one other and which sows discord between our peoples and causes injury to our folks and to the Russian Federation. I do probably not perceive these statements. I don’t actually perceive why these people, who in some unusual approach, touch upon the choices made by the Kazakh management or the occasions happening in our nation,” Tokayev harassed.
He acknowledged that the discussion board is happening in a state of affairs of elevated political and financial turbulence. “World shocks related to the pandemic and growing geopolitical tensions have led to a brand new actuality. Globalization has been changed by an period of regionalization, with all its virtues and inherent flaws. The method of reformatting conventional financial fashions and commerce routes is accelerating. The world is altering quickly. Sadly, most often, not for the higher.”
Instantly after leaving the previous Russian imperial capital, Tokayev visited Tehran the place he held talks with Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi. The 2 international locations agreed to extend and strengthen mutual commerce, and enhance financial cooperation in transport, logistics, manufacturing, and agriculture, and develop cultural and humanitarian ties.
Earlier on the St. Petersburg Financial Discussion board, Tokayev additionally referred to a state-wide referendum the place a lot of the residents of Kazakhstan accepted the adoption of amendments to the nation’s structure, a transfer that the majority observers consider will decide the way forward for the Central Asian nation.
Kazakhstan’s ongoing large-scale political and financial reforms are aimed toward revamping the nation’s public administration in an effort to push for financial development and enhance the general well-being of its residents. Since changing into president in 2019, Tokayev has pushed for sustainable improvement, in addition to deepening Kazakhstan’s commerce and financial relations via the opening of recent manufacturing amenities and selling the creation of situations for development in each human capital and improvements.
Regional cooperation and commerce
Tokayev known as the strengthening of the potential of the Eurasian Financial Union (EAEU) an pressing job. “In my view, it might be applicable and helpful to work out a brand new commerce technique inside the EAEU bearing in mind the brand new actuality. As an alternative of counter-sanctions, that are unlikely to be productive, we should always pursue a extra energetic and versatile commerce coverage with a large protection of Asian and Center Japanese markets,” he stated whereas including that Kazakhstan has no intention of breaking the Western sanctions that had been imposed on Russia over its invasion of Ukraine.
“We can not violate them, particularly as a result of we obtain warnings about attainable so-called secondary sanctions in opposition to our financial system from the West if we did violate the sanctions,” Tokayev added. “However I need to stress that we proceed working with the Russian authorities, I might say in an intensified method, and attain obligatory agreements whereas not violating the sanctions,” he stated.
Tokayev additionally harassed that Kazakhstan will nonetheless adhere to its duties as an ally of Russia, together with via membership within the Russian-led Eurasian Financial Union and the Collective Safety Treaty Group, Moscow’s reply to the European Union and NATO.
One other precedence, Tokayev stated, was additional growth of commerce and financial cooperation with third international locations…Due to this fact, Tokayev didn’t rule out the prospect that within the coming decade historically pleasant international locations corresponding to China, India, the Center East, South and Southeast Asia, could turn into main traders within the economies of the area.
“China has already turn into Kazakhstan’s foremost financial and overseas commerce associate. This nation has already invested over $22 billion in our financial system over the previous 15 years. Deepening multilateral cooperation with China is an especially vital job for our nation.”
Turning to local weather change, Tokayev stated there are alternatives to develop development of inexperienced investments and to resolve environmental issues, in line with Qazaq Inexperienced Affiliation.
“We plan to constantly develop alternatives for the expansion of inexperienced investments and implementation of the related tasks,” he stated.
Tokayev famous that environmental issues have a worldwide nature and have affected virtually each nation on this planet, together with Kazakhstan. Kazakh farmers suffered from drought final yr attributable to low rainfall and shallow rivers. Tokayev recalled the important situation of the Ural (Zhaiyk) River basin ecosystem, which traverses Kazakhstan and Russia.
Kazakhstan joined the 2015 Paris Settlement on August 2, 2016, and pledged to attain carbon neutrality by 2060.
“I consider that such long-term challenges to the sustainable improvement of our states must be addressed collectively. I feel we should always severely think about the prospects of introducing the rules of a round financial system. We’re engaged on lowering the vitality depth of GDP, increasing the renewable vitality sector and lowering transit losses on this sector,” Tokayev added.